Commentary | Dent Repair USA

2021: Biblical Commentary

By Paul Whitehorn

1 John 5:13-21


Jesus connects believers to eternity. Satan runs the world, but Christians serve the true God. The occasion for John's letter is for believers to know they have eternal life through correct belief in Christ Jesus. Unlike the idols of the world, God hears and answers prayer according to His revealed plans. Life has been given to the believer, but death already abides within the unbeliever. Those dying have embraced sin and believers draw closer to God with a new heart that cannot sin in a way that will displease God. The faithful have an assurance that Jesus is whom He claimed to be, because of verifiable proofs—praying for Christians that sin will be answered in the affirmative (1 John 5:14-17). 1 John 5:18-20, contains six "we know" statements. We know: God hears and answers proper prayer (v. 15), protects from sin (v.18), Satan's world power ownership (v.19), but the Son gives understanding (v.20), and as a result, we know the true God— eschew idols (v.21). 

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Revelation 2-3

Revelation Church Letters

A Letter 
Revelation 2-3 letters are written to the Churches, from the Holy Spirit who has given sustaining life to the life. Provided here views the seven churches and angels according to four factors: punishment (P), reward (R), improve (I), sustain (S), promise (M). The Churches are abbreviated thus: Ephesus (E), Smyrna (SM), Pergamum (PM), Thyatira (T), Sardis (SD), Philadelphia (PH), Laodicea (L). According to John, none of the seven Churches are alone. Instead, they each have ἄγγελος within them. The angels appear to be territorial and placed as caretakers of the πνεῦμα (Spirit). However, some have suggested they could just b, “literally human messengers who were perhaps the postmen.”1
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Hebrews 12:1-2


The book of Hebrews, specifically 12:1-2, appears to be more of a sermon or homily than an epistle, dealing with specific issues the hearers were struggling with.[1] The book itself states it is a word of encouragement, “λόγου τῆς παρακλήσεως” (Heb. 13:22). Duvall & Hays, like all good hermeneutic works, give us a general outline to interpret texts, they choose five to be of paramount importance: audience, our differences, principles, fit, and application. Read More…